By Colin Bird
Offering a entire advent to political philosophy, this booklet combines dialogue of old and modern figures, including a number of real-life examples. It levels over an strangely huge diversity of issues within the box, together with the simply distribution of wealth, either inside of international locations and globally; the character and justification of political authority; the that means and value of freedom; arguments for and opposed to democratic rule; the matter of conflict; and the grounds for toleration in public lifestyles. It additionally bargains an obtainable, non-technical dialogue of perfectionism, utilitarianism, theories of the social agreement, and of lately well known different types of serious concept. all through, the ebook demanding situations readers to imagine severely approximately political arguments and associations that they could differently take with no consideration. it will likely be a provocative textual content for any scholar of philosophy or political technological know-how.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Political Philosophy (Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy)
If Plato can show that willing compliance with institutions we ought to recognize as just advances our interests, it would be easier to understand why showing that something is just gives us a reason to value it. New doubts But this project raises several new questions. As Socrates’ interlocutors in the Republic immediately point out, there is something puzzling about the suggestion that adherence to the requirements of justice promotes our own interests. We characteristically encounter conflicts between doing what justice, or morality more generally, requires and doing what we think would promote our own interests.
If Plato is right, individuals have a reason to support those arrangements necessary for realizing this ideal in their own lives, and to oppose or resist those that would hinder them in this endeavor. On this basis, the skeptical puzzles surrounding the possibility of rational justification in politics that we extensively discussed in chapter 1 can be dissolved. 5 The second general feature of the research program that Plato inaugurated concerns the notion of a ‘‘common good’’ to which it gives rise.
According to W. B. 3 And what goes for justice, we may fear, also goes for other ‘‘essentially contestable’’ concepts like ‘‘the common good,’’ ‘‘equality,’’ ‘‘democracy,’’ and so on. Faced with such disputes, we may lose confidence in the ability of reasoned reflection to explain definitively which political arrangements justice, or equality, democracy, and the common good, require us to support or resist. ’’ Even if we were confident that many simple value judgments can be criticized as irrational, for example, we might still doubt that we can use reason to resolve disagreements over the ‘‘correct’’ interpretation of a complex ethical ideal like justice.
An Introduction to Political Philosophy (Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy) by Colin Bird