By A. R. M. Murray
First released in 1953, this seminal advent to political philosophy is meant for either the coed of political thought and for the overall reader. After an advent and is the reason the character and goal of philosophy, Dr Murray offers a severe exam of the primary theories complicated by way of political philosophers from Plato to Marx, paying targeted cognizance to modern issues.
The ebook additionally attempts to outline the fundamental problems with philosophical value in modern politics, with particular connection with the clash among political authority and person rights, and to teach how the various ethical assumptions underlying authoritarian and democratic platforms of presidency are finally dependent upon various theories of common sense.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Political Philosophy
V, 476. , V, 473. , VI, 493. 5 But while there is much force in this argument if an objective distinction between right and wrong is accepted, it is by no means clear how the experts are to be selected in practice. Plato thinks that two important conditions must be observed in the selection and training of these experts. In thefirstplace, those who seem most likely to achieve knowledge of the Good must have their minds suitably trained for this purpose. And, secondly, they must live in such circumstances as will minimize all temptations to deviate from the path of duty which their philosophic insight reveals to them.
5 But while there is much force in this argument if an objective distinction between right and wrong is accepted, it is by no means clear how the experts are to be selected in practice. Plato thinks that two important conditions must be observed in the selection and training of these experts. In thefirstplace, those who seem most likely to achieve knowledge of the Good must have their minds suitably trained for this purpose. And, secondly, they must live in such circumstances as will minimize all temptations to deviate from the path of duty which their philosophic insight reveals to them.
If this were not the case he would not regard morality as a possible object of knowledge. It is, he thinks, a possible object of knowledge for those who have been suitably trained just because the goodness of a thing is determined by the Form of the Good, and its goodness can therefore be recognized by those who are acquainted with that Form, or whose knowledge issuesfromit 2 Now it must be conceded that, even if moral propositions are a priori, there may not be any way of demonstrating this truth to anyone who fails to recognize it.
An Introduction to Political Philosophy by A. R. M. Murray