Read e-book online A History of Criminal Justice in England and Wales PDF

By John Hostettler

ISBN-10: 1904380514

ISBN-13: 9781904380511

This fresh paintings charts the entire major advancements of felony justice in England, from the genesis of Anglo-Saxon 'dooms' to the typical legislation; struggles for political, legislative, and judicial ascendency; and the formation of the modern day felony Justice approach and Ministry of Justice. among a wealth of themes, the booklet appears to be like on the Rule of legislation, the advance of the felony courts, police forces, the jury, justices of the peace, and person crimes and punishments. It locates the entire iconic occasions of felony heritage and legislation and order inside of a much broader history and context in a fashion that emphasizes the subject's wealth and intensity. Contents contain: Origins of legal Justice in Anglo-Saxon England • Saxon Dooms — Our Early legislation • The Norman impact and The Angevin Legacy • felony legislation in Medieval and Early sleek England • the typical legislations at risk • The Commonwealth • The Whig Supremacy and Adversary Trial • The Jury within the Eighteenth Century • Punishment and Prisons • 19th Century Crime and Policing • Victorian photos • A Century of legal legislation Reform • felony incapability • A Revolution in process • Early 20th Century • development after global conflict II • Twenty-First Century Regression? • the appearance of Restorative Justice • end • pick out Bibliography

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In reality, large numbers of criminals escaped punishment, and the ‘merciful mitigation’ blunted any desire there might be to reform the otherwise harsh criminal law where death was the penalty for all felonies. Benefit could not be claimed by women, except nuns, until 169316 and, since it commuted hanging, it did not apply to treason, where the penalty was more severe, or to misdemeanours, where it was more lenient. PLEAS OF THE CROWN In regard to Henry’s laws it is necessary to bear in mind that the kingdom was troubled by extreme violence and he was concerned to protect men’s property and their lives.

Yet after his death, on three occasions England suffered conquest, two Danish and one Norman. The origins of the Danelaw lie in the Viking invasions of England in the ninth century. It held sway in the Kingdoms of Northumbria and East Anglia and the five boroughs of Leicester, Nottingham, Derby, Stamford and Lincoln. When the English kings brought back under their rule the areas of the country using Danelaw they did little to interfere with its legal customs. ’ Heavy fines were to be payable for failing to respond immediately to a ‘hue and cry’ and, as theft was frequently of livestock, articles of assistance in pursuit of a thief, such as a cow’s bell, a dog’s collar and a blast-horn were each given a value of one shilling by law and reckoned to be an informer.

Over such a period and several kingdoms there were, of course, numerous changes although they evolved, or were imposed, slowly. However, three main features emerge. The first is the power of the Church. Once Æthelbert, and subsequently other kings, were converted to Christianity the Church looms large in all the dooms that were enacted. Considerable sums were payable to it by way of taxation and fines and, at times, it was itself made exempt from taxation imposed by the crown. As not all the Anglo-Saxon kings were steadfast in their religion there must have been strong pressure on them to assist the Church as a means of ensuring both stability in their nations and their own legitimacy.

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A History of Criminal Justice in England and Wales by John Hostettler

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